Back-end solutions control the capability of your web programs and how they function in the background. The code used to develop your back-end facilitates your website’s connection to virtual networks and databases like MySQL and OracleSQL which help your website application to run self-sufficiently. This back-end code also functions alongside front-end development to supply the complete application that users engage with. Back-end development is one of the prime aspects of creating an up-to-par user experience for the visitors that use your site.
In this article, we are going to cover the reasons why back-end development is vital in designing your web application (whether it is a medical, real estate, LMS or location-aware app, calendar provider, and so on) and the languages that are best suited for it. Your back-end code not only determines the functionality of your web page today but also your options when it comes to integrating it with other systems in the future. Keep reading to find out more.
Java is very limited in terms of applications. It is mostly used for desktop, website, and Android development. It can run on any operating system and has been the go-to programming language for organizations and developers for years. The language’s ability to withstand errors without crashing makes it a top pick for most companies.
Java Top Features
- It offers numerous APIs for integrations, XML parsing, and networking.
- Supports the simultaneous execution of multiple threads.
- It has a security manager that controls the access of different classes and offers security.
- Java Virtual Machine (JVM) allows it to run a variety of programs developed by the Java bytecode.
- Adheres to stack-based memory allocation.
- It offers automated junk collection.
- Provides a variety of open-source databases
- It allows for interoperability with older systems, making it an excellent choice for organizations.
- Java has not undergone any major changes or updates, unlike other programming languages.
- It has tens of highly-productive feature that make it a favorite for developers
- Not too complicated to learn.
- It is quite slow, especially when compared against C languages.
- Memory allocation and management is quite expensive
- Developers are limited to several reliable data frameworks because it does not offer templates.
Ruby is an open-source programming language that supports object-oriented programming. It is very flexible in terms of platforms and can be used on UNIX, Mac, and Windows. Ruby is controlled by a rule known as the Principle of Least Astonishment (POLA) which makes it ideal for web applications that are keen on boosting user experience.
However, this language is most commonly used in prototyping and data analysis. It has not grown in popularity as such but its python-like features make it a good choice for back-end programming as well.
Golang, popularly known as Go, is a Google-developed programming language that has taken the IT world by storm. It adheres to the C language syntax and is very easy to use. Go enjoys fast speeds when it comes to compilation and garbage disposal. It is also based on open-source technology. Go is growing in popularity because of its affiliation with Google. This relationship is a guarantee that its features are going to remain relevant in web application requirements for a long time. However, several expert developers feel that is more reliant on speed than it is on features and quality.
Python’s popularity in the IT industry stems from its suitability when it comes to data analysis and web development. It is based on open-source technology and is widely used to develop customizable web applications and pages. It is also very easy to learn.
Python Top Features
- Python is usually used to gauge the expertise of web developers and has even inspired other development languages such as Go and Julia.
- Its language design is considered its USP (Unique Selling Point) because of its simplicity and performance.
- It enjoys top-quality amalgamation with other top programming C languages.
- Offers a variety of databases for support.
- Makes it very easy to scale complicated web applications.
PHP Top Features
- It has been used to develop reputable applications like Facebook.
- It is ideal for developers who want to program and deploy apps quickly.
- PHP has a debugging extension
- It supports OOP programming models
Rust is quite new compared to most of the languages on this list, having been developed in 2006 by Mozilla. Despite its youth, it has already been incorporated into the workings of large companies like Dropbox. Its steady rise in preference stems from its ability to optimize web application speeds to match those of mobile applications by using WebAssembly.
It’s a developers’ favorite because of its significantly low memory requirements and programming speeds. Rust also has automated trash collection. The language’s capability to use modules to create inherently reusable code is one of the reasons why organizations and developers are slowly but surely angling towards it.
C# is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that was programmed from the basic functionality of C language by Microsoft. It was part of a software structure developed to allow the interoperability of a few programming languages for Microsoft Windows.
This back-end development language is used for a variety of web applications including building mobile apps and games through engines such as Unity and so much more. It was primarily developed for Windows but is functional on Linux, Android, and iOS as well. The following features make it one of the top development languages for back-end programming.
C# Top Features
- It does not demand expert developer skills, unlike languages like Java.
- C# has acquired tens of databases and support structures in the two decades or more it has been in IT.
- It comprises Common Language Runtime (CLR) which lets you expand the capabilities of your database without depending on the specific platform in question.
- It takes a reasonable amount of time to be compiled and executed.
- It’s completely merged with and enjoys the benefits of the .NET database.
- C# shares the same programming rules as C+ and C++.
- It is safer than other C languages
- C# allows you to work with codebases that are being shared by several developers.
- It is rigid compared to its C++ counterpart.
- Code sections that aren’t controlled by CLR have pointers.
- You cannot solve errors without proper expertise.
- It is not easy to learn
Choosing the perfect development language for your back-end programming is an essential process that requires proper analysis of each language to determine which one suits your specific needs. A consistent back-end code ensures that your web application runs smooth and as such, enhances user experience, data management, and security. We hope that this post has provided the insight you need into each language and the reasons that make it worth your while.